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Copper Sputter Target: An Excellent Sputtering Material

Copper sputtering target is an excellent sputtering material in the vacuum coating industry. Sputtering targets are a special group of materials, especially for thin film coating, and the copper sputter target is a product of high purity copper metal after a series of processes. It has specific dimensions and shapes.

Since high purity copper material has many excellent properties, copper targets have been widely used in cutting-edge fields such as electronics, communications, superconductivity, and aerospace.

Are you curious about how copper metal becomes Cu sputtering targets? Do you want to know the specifications and applications of copper sputter coater targets?

Copper Sputtering Target, Cu
Copper Sputter Target: An Excellent Sputtering Material

Copper Sputter Target Production Processes

How to Make Copper Sputter Target – Step 1

The first step to transform metal to Cu sputter target is smelting. The raw material for copper smelting is copper ore, which can be divided into three categories.

  1. Sulphide ore: chalcopyrite (CuFeS2), porphyrite (Cu5FeS4) and chalcopyrite (Cu2S).
  2. Oxidized ore: cupro ore (Cu2O). malachite, [Cu2(OH)2CO3], chrysocolla (CuSiO3·2H2O).
  3. Natural copper

Among different types of copper ores, the ore with a copper content of about 1% (0.5% to 3%) is worth mining. As for these ores, some impurities such as gangue can be removed by flotation, and it is easy to obtain the ore concentrate with a high copper content (8% to 35%). After extraction, crude copper is obtained, and the copper is purified from 99.95% to 99.99%, 99.999%, and 99.9999% by multiple electrolysis and regional melting methods.

Copper Sputter Target Production Processes
Making Copper Sputter Target from Copper Ores

How to Make Copper Sputter Target – Step 2

The next series of steps include forging, rolling, and heat-treating high-purity copper ingots in raw materials. The purpose is to make the crystal grains in the copper ingot smaller and increasing in density to meet the requirements of copper targets required for sputtering.

How to Make Copper Sputter Target – Step 3

After the deformation treatment, the high-purity copper sputtering material is machined to achieve high precision and high surface quality and to fit the size for the vacuum coater.

Usually, there are planar copper sputtering target and rotary copper sputtering target. Other customized shapes of sputtering materials are also available.

Copper Sputter Target Physical Specifications

Copper Sputtering Target Physical Properties

Chemical Formula Cu
Purity 99.9%, 99.99%, 99.999%
Shape Discs, Plates, Column Targets, Step Targets, Custom-made
Color/Appearance Copper, Metallic
Density 8.92g/cm3
Melting Point 1083.4℃
Boiling Point 2567℃

Copper Sputtering Target Classification

As we mentioned above, copper targets are often divided into planar copper targets and rotatory copper targets. Planar targets are sheet-shaped, with round and square type. Rotatory target is tubular, and the utilization efficiency is high. The rotary copper target product can be finally obtained through various processes such as high-purity copper extrusion, stretching, straightening, heat treatment and machining.

Copper Sputter Target Classification
Planar Copper Sputter Target (Right), Rotary Copper Sputter Target (Left)

Copper Sputter Target Application

Copper sputtering target is suitable for DC two-pole sputtering, three-pole sputtering, four-pole sputtering, radio-frequency (RF) sputtering, ion beam sputtering, magnetron sputtering, and etc. It can be used to coat reflective films, conductive films, semiconductor films, capacitor films, decorative films, protective films, integrated circuits, displays, and so on. Compared with other targets, such as titanium sputtering target, the price of copper targets is much lower. Therefore, the copper target is the preferred sputtering material under the premise of meeting the requirements of the film layer.

Thanks for reading this passage and hope that you now have a basic understanding about copper sputter targets. Stanford Advanced Materials (SAM) is a leading sputtering target manufacturer based in Lake Forest, California. If you feel interested about the copper sputtering target, you can go to our product page for more information, or directly send us an inquiry. You can also contact us via target@samaterials.com. Free samples are available.

About the author

Julissa Green graduated from the University of Texas studying applied chemistry. She started her journalism life as a chemistry specialist in Stanford Advanced Materials (SAM) since 2016 and she has been fascinated by this fast growing industry ever since. If you have any particular topics of interest, or you have any questions, you can reach her at julissa@samaterials.com.

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