(949) 407-8904 Mon - Fri 08:00 - 17:00 23661 Birtcher Dr., Lake Forest, California, USA
(949) 407-8904 Mon - Fri 08:00 - 17:00 23661 Birtcher Dr., Lake Forest, California, USA

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Silicon Thin-Film VS. CIGS Thin-Film for Solar Panels

Silicon Thin-Film VS. CIGS Thin-Film for Solar Panels

Introduction Thin-film solar panels are becoming more popular all over the world. There are various types of thin-film solar panels and each type has its advantages and disadvantages. This begs the question, of which thin-film solar panel is better suited for you. In this post, we will be exploring two types of thin-film solar panels...
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An Introduction to CIGS Thin-Film Photovoltaics

An Introduction to CIGS Thin-Film Photovoltaics

What is CIGS Thin-Film Photovoltaic? Thin-film photovoltaics, also called solar cells, are devices that convert light energy into electrical energy using the photovoltaic effect. The photovoltaic effect explains how voltage is produced when light strikes a material. CIGS (copper indium gallium selenide) is a semiconductor material most popularly known for its use in solar cells with...
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Ytterbium Rare Earth Element and Application

Ytterbium: Rare Earth Element and Application

The rare earth element ytterbium is a soft, malleable, and ductile element known for its bright silvery luster. Ytterbium is the fourteenth and penultimate element in the lanthanide series, an occurrence that explains the relative stability of its +2 oxidation state. But like the other lanthanides, the most common or stable oxidation state of Ytterbium...
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What You Need to Know About Rare Earth Praseodymium

What You Need to Know About Rare Earth Praseodymium

Praseodymium is a chemical element with atomic number 59 and chemical symbol Pr. This element is the third member of the lanthanide series and is categorized as a rare-earth metal. It is soft, silvery, malleable, and ductile. The metal is valued for its magnetic, electrical, chemical, and optical properties. Praseodymium is actually too reactive and...
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Planar Targets VS. Rotatory Targets: Advantages and Disadvantages

The sputtering target materials commonly found on the market can be divided into planar targets and rotatory targets according to their shapes. Want to know what are their advantages and disadvantages? Keep on reading this post. Planar Sputtering Target Although rotary targets have developed in recent years, the mainstream shape of the sputtering target is still the planar type. Advantages...
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Rare Earth Cerium: Uses, Properties & Facts

Cerium(Ce) has an atomic number of 58 and is the most abundant rare-earth metal known. It is the second element in the lanthanide series. Commercial-grade cerium has an iron-gray color. It is silvery when in its pure form, and it has almost the same ductility and softness as tin. Cerium is the most abundant rare-earth...
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